Setting up an OrientDB server on Ubuntu

Published: Sat, 19 Jan 2013

Go to the directory you want to install OrientDB.

cd /opt

Download one of the two flavors of <a title="OrientDB" href="" target="_blank">OrientDB</a> (standard or graph edition). (If you don’t know which to take, pick the Graph Ed.)

sudo wget
#sudo wget

Unpack the file

sudo tar -zxvf orientdb-1.3.0.tar.gz

I usually remove the tar.gz file and add a symlink

sudo rm orientdb-1.3.0.tar.gz
sudo ln -s orientdb-1.3.0/ orientdb

Configure the default orientdb password. (I use vi, you use your own favorite editor ;))

sudo vi orientdb/config/orientdb-server-config.xml

Go to the section [orient-server > storages > storage] in the xml, change the default username and password and save the file

<!-- Default in-memory storage. Data are not saved permanently. -->
<storage path="memory:temp" name="temp" userName="yourUsername" userPassword="yourPassword" loaded-at-startup="true" />

Get the root password for later use or/and add your own preferred account in [orient-server > users]: (I prefer to remove the root account and add a new one)

<user name="yourUsername" password="yourPassword" resources="*"/>

As the file is holding passwords it might be a good idea to remove the read permission for other users.

sudo chmod 640 /opt/orientdb/config/orientdb-server-config.xml

Create a user that will run the server:

# -d, --home-dir HOME_DIR       home directory of the new account
# -M, --no-create-home          do not create the user's home directory
# -r, --system                  create a system account
# -s, --shell SHELL             login shell of the new account (/bin/false =  no login)
# -U, --user-group              create a group with the same name as the user
sudo useradd -d /opt/orientdb -M -r -s /bin/false -U orientdb

Change ownership of orientdb directory/links:

sudo chown -R orientdb.orientdb orientdb*

Modify the user group rights so that users in the orientdb group can invoke shell scripts.

sudo chmod 775 /opt/orientdb/bin
sudo chmod g+x /opt/orientdb/bin/*.sh
sudo usermod -a -G orientdb yourUsername

Copy the init.d script:

sudo cp orientdb/bin/ /etc/init.d/

Update the init.d script with this sed script or just edit the file. (The copied one)

sudo sed -i "s|YOUR_ORIENTDB_INSTALLATION_PATH|/opt/orientdb|;s|USER_YOU_WANT_ORIENTDB_RUN_WITH|orientdb|" /etc/init.d/

And change the following lines, we use sudo because our system account does not have a login shell.

# You have to SET the OrientDB installation directory here (if not already done so)

#su -c "cd \"$ORIENTDB_DIR/bin\"; /usr/bin/nohup ./ 1>../log/orientdb.log 2>../log/orientdb.err &" - $ORIENTDB_USER
sudo -u $ORIENTDB_USER sh -c "cd \"$ORIENTDB_DIR/bin\"; /usr/bin/nohup ./ 1>../log/orientdb.log 2>../log/orientdb.err &"

#su -c "cd \"$ORIENTDB_DIR/bin\"; /usr/bin/nohup ./ 1>>../log/orientdb.log 2>>../log/orientdb.err &" - $ORIENTDB_USER
sudo -u $ORIENTDB_USER sh -c "cd \"$ORIENTDB_DIR/bin\"; /usr/bin/nohup ./ 1>>../log/orientdb.log 2>>../log/orientdb.err &"

Update the rc.d dirs

cd /etc/init.d
sudo update-rc.d defaults

The server will now start and stop on startup/shutdown. For now we start it by hand.

sudo /etc/init.d/ start

Verify that it is running by opening the studio (e.g. http://localhost:2480/) or run 'sudo /etc/init.d/ status'.

Now we can log in and create a new database, Start the console:


Create a new database:

create database remote:/yourDatabaseName yourUsername yourPassword local

Done. Grab a beer, you’ve earned it. ;)